Disaster Management

Saran Hazard Profile

The multi-disaster prone district of Saran requires a multi-disciplinary approach to deal with these disasters requiring participation of various stakeholders. It requires a continuous and integrated process of planning, organizing, coordinating and implementing measures that are necessary for risk prevention, mitigation of risk impacts, preparing to face the disaster event, response, rehabilitation and reconstruction. Some of the prominent disasters and their impacts are –


Saran is a riparian district and as such flooding is a common phenomenon. Saran is a part of the Lower Ganga Basin. It falls in the Gandak sub-basin. Perennial rivers viz., the Ganga, the Ghagra and the Gandak, govern the drainage system in the district. The river Ganga meets the district at Kotwapatti Rampur and flow from west to east along the southern boundary of the district. The Gandak flows from northwest to southeast forming the northeastern boundary of the district. The river Gandak meets the river Ganga at Sonepur. The tributaries of the Gandak River viz., Mahi, Ghoghari and Gandaki flow roughly in the southeast direction. The Ghagra River also known as Suryu, in the adjacent state Uttar Pradesh, flows in the southeast direction. It forms the southwestern boundary of the district. The river Ghagra meets the river Ganga near Chapra.
The monsoon is active from June mid to the end of September. The average annual rainfall in the district is 1353 mm for year 2020. The monsoon rainfall is about 85 % of the annual
rainfall. Presently, flood in the monsoon period is a major problem .

In Year 2020 , Flood affected blocks are :- Amnour,Dariyapur,Garkha,Isuapur,Maker,Marhaura,Mashrak,Panapur,Parsa and Taraiya

In these 10 Blocks , 88 panchayats are fully affected and 31 panchayats are partly affected.

In total 119 Panchayats there is 615 villages are affected .

For those who were affected in the flood, 516 community kitchens were run in which 4301636 affected people ate food.


Earthquake :-

Bihar is located in the high seismic zone that falls on the boundary of the tectonic plate joining the Himalayan tectonic plate near the Bihar-Nepal Border and has six sub-surface fault lines moving towards the Gangetic planes in four directions. Saran classified under in seismic zone IV by the Vulnerability Atlas of India, i.e. as having high earthquake vulnerability with the potential to cause high degree of devastation. The district has in the past experienced major earthquakes; the worst was the 1934 earthquake in which thousands of people lost their lives, followed by 1988 earthquake and recent major earthquake occurred in 2015.


Drought :-

Though the climate of saran is favorable for production of various crops, the agriculture of the state is dependent on behavior of monsoon and distribution of rainfall. Although the average rainfall in the district is 1133 mm, considerable variations occur between the different parts of the district. Some part of the district is now vulnerable to drought due to climate change.


Other Hazards :-

Apart from the above hazards, the district is also prone to cold and heat waves, Cyclonic storms (high speed winds) and other human-induced hazards like fire, epidemics, road / boat accidents, stampedes etc. Incidences of fire are mainly local in nature but have a severe impact on villages. Since a majority of Kucha houses have thatch roofs and wooden structures, in the summer months when winds are high, fires from the traditional stoves spread to damage entire villages.

Official website of Disaster Management –

Head Office Control Room(Patna) – 0612-2217305

Contact Us

District Disaster Control Room, Saran-06152-245023